Geographical and botanic origin
Karaya Gum is the gum of the tropical tree genus Sterculia. Customary Karaya gum is harvested from the tree species Sterculia urens. These trees are endemic to the provinces of central India. Karaya gum is also known as Indian Tragacanth and as Sterculia Gum.
Harvest and Processing
Karaya Gum is harvested trough tapping of the Sterculia trees. The gum then exudes from the cuts and is collected by local farmers.
Further processing steps include cleaning, sorting and spray drying of the gum.
Sensory and phytochemical composition
The raw material Karaya Gum consists of small, translucent, withe to greyish resin lumps. It has a lightly acidulous smell. Karaya Gum is a natural polysaccharide, composed of Carbohydrates and galacturonic acid.